Frank Ackerman is a Senior Economist at Synapse Energy Economics.
Dr. Ackerman is an economist with extensive experience in analyzing the economics of waste, pollution, and energy. He has written extensively about the economics of climate change, critiques of cost-benefit analysis, and other environmental issues. He is a founder and member of the steering committee of Economists for Equity and Environment (the E3 Network). He received his Ph.D. in economics from Harvard University, and has taught economics at Tufts University and at the University of Massachusetts.
As a senior researcher at the Tellus Institute in Boston (1985-95), Ackerman worked as an expert witness and consultant for numerous state agencies involved in energy regulation, the development of solid waste policies, and other issues. He has worked extensively with EPA's Office of Solid Waste; at their request, he wrote the first draft of the interagency statement, "Recycling...for the Future: Consider the Benefits." The statement was published by the White House Task Force on Recycling, and distributed by the Office of the Federal Environmental Executive until 2001. He co-authored three recent reports (lead author on two) to the North American Commission on Environmental Cooperation, on environmental impacts of economic integration under NAFTA. He also directed a recent study for the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, analyzing the data submitted by national agencies on greenhouse gas emissions from waste management activities.
Ackerman has worked closely with environmental advocates on a number of issues, including: detailed comments on arsenic regulation, and on stormwater runoff regulation, developed with the Natural Resources Defense Council; analysis of Clean Water Act 316(b) regulations (governing power plant cooling water intake systems) developed with Riverkeeper; ongoing work on the economics of replacing toxic chemicals, with Coming Clean, the national anti-PVC coalition, and with the Alliance for a Healthy Tomorrow, a Massachusetts anti-toxics coalition; and critiques of the environmental impacts of current and proposed free trade treaties, in cooperation with groups concerned about the impacts of globalization.
After receiving a Ph.D. in economics from Harvard University, Dr. Ackerman began his career as a founder and editor of Dollars & Sense magazine, writing monthly commentaries on the state of the U.S. economy. He subsequently taught economics at the University of Massachusetts. At Tellus Institute from 1985 to 1995, he was frequently an expert witness on energy regulation; he was also one of the developers of a Third World energy planning model, which he used in Brazil and Zambia. Other work at Tellus included economic analysis of solid waste planning options for state agencies, for New York City and other municipalities, and for international agencies. Dr. Ackerman was the principal investigator for Tellus Institute's widely cited life cycle analysis of the comparative environmental impacts of packaging materials.
Since 1995, at Tufts University's Global Development and Environment Institute (GDAE), Ackerman served as director and lead editor for several volumes of the institute's Frontier Issues in Economic Thought series; he taught statistics, introductory economics, and environmental economics in the Tufts graduate program in public policy; and he launched GDAE's Research and Policy program, applying the institute's alternative, socially and environmentally engaged perspective on economics to practical policy issues.
His books include “Priceless: On Knowing the Price of Everything and the Value of Nothing,” a critique of cost-benefit analysis and its abuse in US environmental policy, and “Poisoned for Pennies: The Economics of Toxics and Precaution” (Island Press), and “Can We Afford the Future? Economics for a Warming World” (Zed Books). He has written numerous academic and popular articles, and has directed policy reports for clients ranging from Greenpeace to the European Parliament. Since 2007, he has worked jointly with two institutes at Tufts University, the Global Development and Environment Institute (GDAE) and the Stockholm Environment Institute US Center (SEI-US), leading their joint research on climate economics.
Ackerman’s recent publications include extensive research on modeling the economic issues associated with climate change, in articles such as Inside the Integrated Assessment Models: Four Issues in Climate Economics, in Climate and Development, with Elizabeth Stanton and Sivan Kartha, and Limitations of Integrated Assessment Models of Climate Change, in Climactic Change, with Stephen DeCanio, Richard Howarth, and Kristen Sheeran. He recently testified before the House Committee on Energy and Commerce on “The Costs of Inaction” during a hearing for the Waxman-Markey bill
Ackerman's concerns and commitments extend beyond his professional focus on the environment. His public speaking in the Boston area includes remarks in opposition to the war in Iraq, and in support of the (successful) Tufts University "Justice for Janitors" campaign. He is the father of two wonderful daughters, and he plays the trumpet in the Second Line Social Aid and Pleasure Society Brass Band, an amateur New Orleans-style band in the Boston area.
Lisa Heinzerling is the William J. Brennan, Jr., Professor of Law at Georgetown University Law Center.
Professor Heinzerling's specialties include environmental and natural resources law, administrative law, the economics of regulation, and food and drug law. From January 2009 to July 2009, she served as Senior Climate Policy Counsel to the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency and then, from July 2009 to December 2010, she served as Associate Administrator of EPA’s Office of Policy. In 2008, she served as a member of President Obama’s EPA transition team.
Heinzerling has been a visiting professor at Harvard Law School, Vermont Law School, and Yale Law School. She lectures frequently on environmental law and other topics both in the U.S. and around the world. She has published several books, including a leading casebook (with Zygmunt Plater and others) on environmental law, a cutting-edge casebook (with Mark Tushnet) aimed at introducing first-year law students to the regulatory and administrative state, and a widely cited critique of the use of cost-benefit analysis in environmental policy (Priceless: On Knowing the Price of Everything and the Value of Nothing, co-authored with Frank Ackerman). Peer environmental law professors have four times voted her work among the top ten articles of the year. In 2002, she received the faculty teaching award at Georgetown Law. The Yale Environmental Law Association and Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy recently gave her their inaugural award for innovative and inspiring scholarship in environmental law.
After finishing law school, where she served as editor-in-chief of the University of Chicago Law Review, Professor Heinzerling clerked for Judge Richard A. Posner of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit and Justice William J. Brennan, Jr., of the U.S. Supreme Court. She was a Skadden Fellow at Business & Professional People for the Public Interest, in Chicago, and for three years practiced environmental law in the Massachusetts Attorney General's office.
While at Georgetown, Professor Heinzerling has continued to litigate cases in environmental law. Most prominently, she served as lead author of the winning briefs in Massachusetts v. EPA, in which the Supreme Court held that the Clean Air Act gives EPA the authority to regulate greenhouse gases. A 2009 survey of over 400 environmental lawyers and law professors ranked this case as the most significant case in all of environmental law.